What Is Yoga ? The Fundamentals Of Yoga And Traditional Schools Of Yoga- The Science Of Yoga- Yoga Explained In English

What Is Yoga? The Fundamentals Of Yoga And Traditional Schools Of Yoga- The Science Of Yoga- Yoga Explained In English


Hey There, In This Blog We Will See What Is Yoga And Why Should We Do It. We, Will, See Many Categories Or Forms Of Yoga Like Traditional Yoga Form, Modern Yoga Form, Etc.

So, Please Stay Tuned Till The End Of The Blog.

So Let’s Get Started…

What Is Yoga?

If I Say Mainly In Short Then Yoga Is Essentially A Spiritual Discipline Based On An Extremely Subtle Science Which Focuses On Bringing Harmony Between Mind And Body. 

It Is An Art And Science For Healthy Living, The Word { Yoga } Is Derived From The Sanskrit Root Yuj Meaning ” To Join” Or “To Yoke”. According To Yogic Scriptures, The Practice Of Yoga Leads To The Union Of Individual Consciousness With Universal Consciousness.
According To Modern Scientists, Everything In The Universe Is Just A Manifestation Of The Same Quantum Firmament. One Who Experiences This Oneness Of Existence Is Said To Be In Yoga And Is Termed As A Yogi Who Has Attained A State Of Freedom, Referred To As ” Moksha N Mukti “.
Yoga Also Refers To An Inner Science Comprising Of A Variety Of Methods Through Which Human Beings Can Achieve Union Between The Body And Mind To Attain Self-Realisation. The Aim Of Yoga Practice  Or In Hindi Sadhana Is To Overcome All Kinds Of Sufferings That Lead To A Sense Of Freedom In Every Walk Of  Life With Holistic Health, Happiness And Harmony.

Brief History And Development Of Yoga

The Science Of Yoga Has Its Origin Thousands Of Years Ago, Long Before The First Religion Or Belief Systems Were Born. According To Yogiclore, Shiva Has Seen As The First Yogi Or Adiyogi And The First Guru OR Adiguru Several Thousand Years Ago, On The Banks Of Lake Kantisarovar In The Himalayas, Adiyogi Poured His Profound Knowledge Into The Legendary Saptarishis Or Seven Sages. These Sages Carried This Powerful Yogic Science To Different Parts Of  The World And Including Asia, The Middle East, Northern Africa, And South America. Interestingly, Modern Scholars Have Noted And Marveled At The Close Parallels Found Between Ancient Cultures Across The Globe. However, It Was In India That The Yogic System Found Its Fullest Expression. Agastya, The Saptarishi Who Travelled Across The Indian Subcontinent, Crafted This Culture Around A Core Yogic Way Of Life.
Yoga Is Widely Considered As An ” Immortal Cultural Outcome ” Of The Indus Sarawati Valley Civilization Dating Back To 2700 BC- And Has Proven Itself To Cater To Both Material And Spiritual Uplift Of Humanity. A Number Of Seals And Fossil Remains Of Indus Saraswati Valley Civilization With Yogic Motifs And Figures Performing Yoga Sadhana Suggest The Presence Of Yoga In Ancient India. The Seals And Idols Of Mother Goddess Are Suggestive Of Tantra Yoga. The Presence Of Yoga Is Also Available In Folk Traditions, Vedic And Upanishadic Heritage, Buddhist And Jain Traditions, Darshanas, Epics Of Mahabharata Including Bhagawadgita And Ramayana, Theistic Traditions Of Shaivas, Vaishnavas And Tantric Traditions. Though Yoga Was Being Practiced In The Pre-Vedic Period, The Great Sage Maharishi Patanjali Systematized And Codified The Then Existing Yogic Practices, Its Meaning And Its Related Knowledge Through Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras.
After Patanjali, Many Sages And Yoga Masters Contributed Greatly For The Preservation And Development Of The Field Through Well-Documented Practices And Literature. Yoga Has Spread All Over The World By The Teachings Of Eminent Yoga Masters From Ancient Times To The Present Date. Today, Everybody Has Conviction About Yoga Practices Towards The Prevention Of Disease, Maintenance, And Promotion Of Health. Millions And Millions Of People Across The Globe Have Benefited By The Practice Of Yoga And The Practice Of Yoga Is Blossoming And Growing More Vibrant With Each Passing Day.

The Fundamentals Of Yoga

Yoga Works On The Level Of One’s Body, Mind, EMOTION, And ENERGY. This Has Given Rise To Four Broad Classifications Of Yoga:
1. Karma Yoga, Where We Utilize The Body
2. Jnana Yoga, Where We Utilize The Mind
3. Bhakti Yoga, Where We Utilize The Emotion, And
4. Kriya Yoga, Where We Utilize The Energy.
Each System Of Yoga We Practice Falls Within The Gamut Of One Or More Of These Categories.
Every Individual Is A Unique Combination Of These Four Factors. Only A Guru Can Advocate The Appropriate Combination Of The Four Fundamental Paths As Is Necessary For Each Seeker.”” All Ancient Commentaries On Yoga Have Stressed That It Is Essential To Work Under The Direction Of A Guru.”‘

Traditional Schools Of Yoga

The Different Philosophies, Traditions, Ii Neages, And Guru-Shishya Paramparas Of Yoga Led To The Emergence Of Different Traditional Schools. These Include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Patanjala Yoga, Hatha Yoga, Bouddha Yoga Etc. BTW, Each School Has Its Own Approach And Practices That Lead To The Ultimate Aim And Objectives Of Yoga.

Yogic Practices For Health And Wellness

The Widely Practiced Yoga Sadhananas Are : Yama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Niyama, Dhyana, Samadhi, Bandhas And Mudras, Shatkarmas,Yaktahara, Mantra-Japa, And Yukta-Karma Etc.

Yamas Are Restraints And Niyamas Are Observances. These Are Considered To Be Pre-Requisites For Further Yogic Practices, Asanas Capable To Bringing About Stability Of Body And Mind.

Pranayama Consists Of Developing Awareness Of One’s Breathing Followed  By Willful Regulation Of Respiration As The Functional Or Vital Basis Of One’s Existence. It Helps In Developing Awareness Of One’s Mind And Helps To Establish Control Over The Mind. In The Initial Stages, This Is Done By Developing Awareness Of The ” Flow On In Breath And Out-Breath” Through Nostrils, Mouth And Other Body Openings, It’s Internal And External Pathways And Destinations. Later, This Phenomenon Is Modified, Through Regulated, Controlled, And Monitored Inhalation ( Svasa ) Leading To The Awareness Of The Body Space Getting Filled, The Space Remaining In A Filled State(Kumbhaka) And It Betting Emptie During Regulated, Controlled And Monitored Exhalation.

Bandhas And Mudras And Practices Associated With Pranayama. They Are Viewed As The Higher Yogic Practices That Mainly Adopt Certain Physical Gestures Along With Control Over Respiration. This Further Facilitates Control Over Mind And Pavas Way For Higher Yogic Attainment. However, Practice Of Dhyana, Which Moves One Towards Self-Realization And Leads One To Transcendence, Is Considered The Essence Of Yoga Sadhana.

Satkarmas Are Detoxification Procedures That Are Clinical In Nature And Help To Remove The Toxins Accumulated In The Body. And, Yoktahara Advocates Appropriate Food And Food Habits For Healthy Living.

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Posted By Ainesh Kumar

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